The Asia Miner

JUN 2018

The ASIA Miner - Reporting Important Issues to Mining Companies in the Asia Pacific Region

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the asia miner • volume 15 • issue 2 2 FROM THE EDITOR Coal appears to conƟnue its rollercoaster ride, although on a somewhat upward trajectory. At the epicentre of this strong resurgence is Asia's conƟnued thirst for thermal coal. In spite the rise of LNG and renewables, consumpƟon of coal across Asia has barely dropped. China is sƟll invesƟng heavily in coal projects outside its shores, notably in places linked to the Belt and Road project. One reason is to offload coal overcapacity as China cracks down on the polluƟng industry at home. With its conƟnued war on smog and a push to boost cleaner energy consumpƟon and limit the use of coal, China is moving fast towards its huge gasificaƟon program, which aims to move millions of households and the Chinese industry from coal to gas. So, the future of coal – although looking bright at the moment – is quite fuzzy at best. Even the world's second largest mining company, Rio Tinto, shed its coal operaƟons in Australia, selling its final Australian coal asset – the Kestrel underground coal mine in central Queensland just a couple of weeks aŌer it sold the Hail Creek coal mine and two other coal development projects. Some analysts have referred to Rio Tinto's "coal cleanse" as making the company "leaner and greener". Arguably, these divestments could make Rio Tinto more appealing to investors who avoided companies that owned coal interests. With most Australian major banks now loudly proclaiming not to back any new coal developments, it makes one ask what does coal mining have to do to remain relevant in the market? Again, we are brought to the "g" word: "greening". Although being a laggard in the area of change when it comes to greener and cleaner operaƟons, mining companies are beginning to slowly turn the proverbial Ɵde when it comes to implemenƟng or overhauling their operaƟons to bring them in line with more environmentally sound pracƟces. PracƟces that are proving to be also more economical. It's either that, or risk the wrath of the investor, the community, the environmental lobby and even increasingly more, the poliƟcal parƟes as has been evident in the case of PT Freeport Indonesia. In this issue, we cover some leading technological and waste management developments in the mining space: Studies, pracƟcal applicaƟons and future direcƟons that are shaping mining's approach to operaƟons. AŌer all, the world is watching and pushing towards cleaner and greener technologies and energy sources. This is not just in the final product, but also its journey from "the hole" to "the workshop". In this issue, we also look at the new(er) kid on the block: Lithium. Driven by our world's insaƟable hunger for energy, lithium and its chemical compounds are proving to possess a wide range of industrial applicaƟons, especially in their use in lithium-ion baƩeries (LIBs) as a power source. Australia appears to be at the forefront of the potenƟal AU$2 trillion value chain by being able to offer internaƟonal baƩery and EV car manufacturers certainty of supply, low sovereign risk, high quality ore, sustainable volumes and breakthrough baƩery mineral processing technologies. But, lithium extracƟon alone does not guarantee a path to riches. Many Australian companies in the lithium space are realising that to remain viable and ahead of the game, they need to implement … innovatve and green technology all along the supply chain. In this ediƟon of The Asia Miner we also look at what is happening in mining in Southeast Asia and focus on all things Indonesia. Sylwia Przybyla Editor The ASIA Miner® Suite 1, G02/685 Burke Road, Camberwell, Melbourne, Victoria, 3124 Australia Phone: + 61 3 9006 1742 Mobile: + 61 417 517 863 Publisher—Lanita Idrus, Lidrus@asiaminer.com Editor— Sylwia Przybyla, editor@asiaminer.com Corporate Office 8751 East Hampden Ave, Suite B-1 Denver, Colorado 80231, U.S.A. Phone: +1 303-283-0640 Fax: +1 303-283-0641 President—Peter Johnson, pjohnson@semcopublishing.com Graphic Designer—Michael Florman, mflorman@semcopublish- ing.com ProducƟon Manager—Dan FiƩs, dfiƩs@semcopublishing.com SubscripƟons: $120/year—Tanna Holzer, tholzer@semcopublishing.com AccounƟng—Lorraine Mestas, Lmestas@semcopublishing.com INTERNATIONAL SALES U.S. & Canada, Sales —Victor MaƩeucci, vmaƩeucci@mining-media.com Tel +1 440 257 7565 Scandinavia, U.K. & European, Sales—Colm Barry, colm.barry@telia.com Tel +46 (0) 736 334670 Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Sales— Gerd Strasmann, gerd@strasmann-media.de Tel +49 2191 93 1497 Japan Sales—Masao Ishiguro, ma.ishiguro@w9.dion.ne.jp Tel +81 (3) 3719 0775 Indonesia Sales—Dimas Abdillah, dabdillah@asiaminer.com Tel +6221 2940 6337 The ASIA Miner® is published quarterly and every endeavour is made to ensure the contents are correct at Ɵme of publicaƟon. The Publisher and Editors do not endorse the opinions expressed in the magazine. Editorial advice is non-specific and readers are advised to seek professional advice for specific issues. Images and wriƩen material submiƩed for publicaƟon are sent at the owners risk and while every care is taken, The ASIA Miner® does not accept liability for loss or damage. The ASIA Miner® reserves the right to modify editorial and adverƟse- ment content. The contents may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the wriƩen permission of the publisher. Copyright 2018 The ASIA Miner ISSN: 1832-7966 PHOTOCOPIES: AuthorisaƟon to photocopy arƟcles for internal corporate, personal, or instrucƟonal use may be obtained from the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) at +1.978.750.8400. To obtain further informaƟon, visit www.copyright.com www.asiaminer.com The future of clean energy is here. What does that mean for coal and lithium?

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